What is the contribution of computers towards out society? What are the advantages and disadvantages of computer data processing over manual data processing? Can you anticipate future trends in computer data processing? Computers have made great inroads in our everyday life and thinking.
In this paper I will argue that such an approach inadvertently allies itself with reactionary anti-capitalisms as it fails to understand the contribution of consumer culture to the proliferation of values of freedom and personal development that underpin the Marxian notion of communism.
Therefore, I will suggest, there is a case for a socialist defence of consumer culture. I will further argue that the capitalist relations of production and the growing inequalities resulting from them limit the liberty which consumerism inspires, while capitalist employers seek to expropriate the creative and inter-connected individuality fostered in the sphere of consumption.
Hence, I will suggest, there is a case for a consumerist critique of capitalism. Finally I will propose that consumerism also contributes to a development of the general intellect as capacity to imagine alternative futures and leaderless organization that make a realization of that critique less unlikely.
Consumerism is widely seen as the cultural expression of developed capitalism, and Marxist analyses from the s onwards have tried to show how the development of an absorbent market for consumer goods was driven by the needs of accumulation and valorization in late capitalism e. Yet, with Berman, I will argue that from a dialectical point of view, capitalist consumer culture may still hold the key to unlocking the potential for human development that is both built up and held back by capitalism.
He also believed that this progress is owed to the dismantling of traditional feudal, paternalistic and communal relations effected, largely, by the capitalist economy.
Marx was convinced that alienation in these terms — the destruction of the highly personal ties of the pre-capitalist world — was above all liberation.
I will argue that the practice of consumerism has entrenched ideas of individual liberty and self- development beyond the point Marx could imagine as possible within a capitalist society.
I will further follow Marx as he makes the case that it is not individualism that is the problem in a liberal capitalist society, but its inability to fully realize the implicit promise of universal freedom. Capitalist accumulation inevitably creates not only unknown freedoms, but also unheard-of inequalities.
Still following Marx to an extent, I will argue that these inequalities are not in themselves the problem. The problem is that these inequalities translate into inequalities of power see e. Anti-consumerism as desperation of the left The initial socialist concern about consumption was not about how it is bad for you — it was how there is not enough of it.
The original intent of socialist politics was to distribute the product of social production equally among those who produce it — so everybody, and not just a few, can consume what they need and if possible, even more than that. We live in a time when most human suffering is the direct result of the lack of goods.
What most of humanity desperately needs is more consumption, more pharmaceuticals, more housing, more transport, more books, more computers. This does not cover tactical political non-consumption e.
Shaw and Thompson, But how is a concern for the material well-being of all transformed into a concern about the spread of consumerism even among the poor? My estimate would be that it all began when revolutionary socialism started to go wrong — when it became clear that the workers were not going to make the revolution that Marx had predicted they would.
In his pamphlet on imperialism, Lenin ascribed the failure of the workers of the industrialized nations to rise up, in essence, to consumerist bribery funded out of the profits of colonialist exploitation: Out of such enormous superprofits [ The notion of self-emancipation, so central to historical materialism, is quickly given up and replaced by the older idea of a vanguard educating the masses Geras, Geras gives us two examples: The first is Althusser: But if they are nothing more than this, how can they possibly destroy and transform these relations?
The answer is, as it has to be, by the power of a knowledge Theoretical Practice brought to them from elsewhere.Nov 08, · Five ways technology can help the economy. 11 Apr Elena Kvochko Manager, World Economic Forum.
one of the largest employers. In the US alone, computer and information technology jobs are expected to grow by 22% up to , creating , new jobs. In Australia, Contribution to GDP growth.
What Are the Important Contributions of Science and Technology to Society? The Internet and fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas and petroleum, are two important contributions of science and . Aim of the report. The aim of this report is to provide a brief summary of some of the main technological developments that have taken place in information technology and how these developments have had an influence on the way we work and on society in general, in the last thirty years.
Browse by Topic. Find books in subject areas that are of interest to you. The Human Contribution: Unsafe Acts, Accidents and Heroic Recoveries [James Reason] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book explores the human contribution to the reliability and resilience of complex, well-defended systems.
Usually the human is considered a hazard - a system component whose unsafe acts are implicated in the majority of catastrophic breakdowns. Technology in Society and Education 7 computer impacted on is the business area.
Business uses computers for keeping track of accounts, money, and inventory. Another area the computer impacted is the entertainment world. Computers made it possible to enhance graphics and special effects.