Digital Media Ethics by Stephen J. Ward Digital media ethics deals with the distinct ethical problems, practices and norms of digital news media. Digital news media includes online journalism, blogging, digital photojournalism, citizen journalism and social media.
Introduction to investigative reporting In this, the first of the three chapters on investigative journalism, we discuss why there is a need for investigative reporting and we state some basic principles. In the following chapters we give practical advice on how to write an investigative report journalism ethics to set about the task and on how to write your stories or present your reports.
We conclude with advice on some ethical and legal problems you may meet along the way. Investigative journalism is finding, reporting and presenting news which other people try to hide.
It is very similar to standard news reporting, except that the people at the centre of the story will usually not help you and may even try to stop you doing your job. The job of journalists is to let people know what is going on in the community, the society and the world around them.
Journalists do this by finding facts and telling them to their readers or listeners. In much of their work, the facts are easy to find in such places as the courts and parliaments, disasters, public meetings, churches and sporting events.
People are usually happy to provide journalists with news. Indeed, in many countries, thousands of people work full time in public relations, giving statements, comments, press releases and other forms of information to journalists.
Throughout the world, though, there are still a lot of things happening which people want to keep secret. In most cases these are private things which have no impact on other people - such as relations within a family or a bad report from school.
These personal things can remain secret. In many other cases, governments, companies, organisations and individuals try to hide decisions or events which affect other people. When a journalist tries to report on matters which somebody wants to keep secret, this is investigative journalism.
The great British newspaper publisher Lord Northcliffe once said: People have a right to know about the society in which they live.
They have a right to know about decisions which may affect them, even if people in power want to keep them secret. People in power - whether in government, the world of commerce, or any other group in society - can abuse that power.
They can be corrupt, steal money, break laws and do all sorts of things which harm other people. They might just be incompetent and unable to do their job properly. They will usually try to keep this knowledge secret. Journalists try to expose such abuse.
Journalists also have a duty to watch how well people in power perform their jobs, especially those who have been elected to public office. Journalists should constantly ask whether such people are keeping their election promises.
Politicians and others who are not keeping their promises may try to hide the fact; journalists should try to expose it. Of course, journalists are not the only people in society who should expose incompetence, corruption, lies and broken promises. We also have parliaments, councils, courts, commissions, the police and other authorities.
The police often take people to court for breaking laws. But sometimes they do not have the time, staff or skills to catch and correct every case of abuse.
Also, they cannot do anything against people who behave badly without actually breaking any laws.
So journalists have a role as well. The difference is that when journalists expose wrongdoing, they cannot punish people. Journalists can only bring wrongdoing into the light of public attention and hope that society will do the rest, to punish wrongdoers or to change a system which is at fault.
Journalists should be able to expose abuse, corruption and criminal activities in all fields of public life, but the main areas include the following: Governments These range from local councils to national parliaments and foreign governments.
Sometimes politicians and public servants are actually corrupt and should be exposed and removed from office. But often they hide a decision because they know the public may not like it. They might keep a deal they have made with a foreign timber company secret because it will harm the environment or destroy people's homes.
Often politicians and public servants spend so long in office that they forget that the public has the right to know what is happening.When ethics officers receive the report from the ethics hotline, they may choose to conduct a preliminary investigation, the purpose of which is to determine whether the complaint has merit and warrants a more in-depth investigation.
Effective Investigation Reports Tips to Writing it Right! Ethics, Compliance and Audit Services • Don’t write a “screenplay” • Don’t use verbs disguised as nouns Effective Investigation Reports Tips to Writing it Right!
Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing. An investigative journalist may spend months or years researching and preparing a report.
Ethics of Journalism Type: Self-Directed Course Cost: This $ course is free thanks to the support of the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation.
About Self-Directed Courses. In a self-directed course, you can start and stop whenever you like, Write, Shoot, Report. The press is protected so it can report freely on activities of the government in the code of ethics that journalists follow.
Issues of ethics and objectivity are reflected in the way reporters find sources for and write their stories. These lessons are designed to. Whether it’s your first investigation report or your th, this Investigation Report Template helps ease the pain of report writing.
This free investigation report template guides investigators through the report writing process and can be adapted to the specific language and .