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His writings have had an enormous impact on other scholarly work: Foucault's influence extends across the humanities and social sciences, and across many applied and professional areas of study.
Foucault is known for his critiques of various social institutions, most notably psychiatry, medicine, and the prison system, and also for his theories on The Biography of michel foucault Of Sexuality.
His general theories concerning Power and the relation between power and knowledge, as well as his ideas concerning "discourse" in relation to the history of Western thought, have been widely discussed and applied.
Foucault's theories on identity are exemplified by his observation that homosexual identity has progressed over the years from an implied act to an implied identity. His work is often described as postmodernist or post-structuralist by contemporary commentators and critics.
During the s, however, he was more often associated with the structuralist movement. Although he was initially happy with this description, he later emphasised his distance from the structuralist approach, arguing that unlike the structuralists he did not adopt a formalist approach. Neither was he interested in having the postmodern label applied to his own work, saying he preferred to discuss how "modernity" was defined.
Foucault resisted biography on the grounds that he was both a constantly evolving personality and that publicly he exists through his work.
Of this he wrote "Do not ask me who I am and do not ask me to remain the same. His father, Paul Foucault, was an eminent surgeon and hoped his son would join him in the profession. Foucault later dropped 'Paul' from his name for reasons which are not entirely clear. His early education was a mix of success and mediocrity until he attended the Jesuit College Saint-Stanislaus where he excelled.
During this period, Poitiers was part of Vichy France and later came under German occupation. The Ecole Normale Superieure Foucault's personal life during the Ecole Normale was difficult- he suffered from acute depression, even attempting suicide.
He was taken to see a psychiatrist. Perhaps because of this, Foucault became fascinated with psychology. Thus, in addition to his licence degree in philosophy he also earned a licence in psychology, which was at that time a very new qualification in France, and was involved in the clinical arm of the discipline where he was exposed to thinkers such as Ludwig Binswanger.
Like many 'normaliens'Foucault joined the French Communist Party from to He was inducted into the party by his mentor Louis Althusser.
He left due to concerns about what was happening in the Soviet Union under Stalin. Unlike most party members, Foucault never actively participated in his cell. Early career Foucault passed his agregation in After a brief period lecturing at the Ecole Normale, he took up a position at the University of Lille, where from to he taught psychology.
In Foucault published his first book, Maladie mentale et personnalite, a work which he would later disavow. It soon became apparent that Foucault was not interested in a teaching career, and he undertook a lengthy exile from France.
In Foucault served France as a cultural delegate to the University of Uppsala in Sweden a position arranged for him by Georges Dumezil, who was to become a friend and mentor. Foucault returned to France in to complete his doctorate and take up a post in philosophy at the University of Clermont-Ferrand.
There he met Daniel Defert, with whom he lived in non-monogamous partnership for the rest of his life. In he earned his doctorate by submitting two theses as is customary in France: Raymond Rousseland a reissue of his volume now entitled Maladie mentale et psychologie which he would again disavow.
After Defert was posted to Tunisia for his military service, Foucault moved to a position at the University of Tunis in In he published The Archaeology of Knowledge - a response to his critics- in Foucault the activist In the aftermath ofthe French government created a new experimental university at Vincennes.
Foucault became the first head of its philosophy department in December of that year and appointed mostly young leftist academics such as Judith Miller whose radicalism provoked the Ministry of Education to withdraw the department's accreditation. Foucault notoriously also joined students in occupying administration buildings and fighting with police.
Foucault's tenure at Vincennes was short-lived, as in Foucault was elected to France's most prestigious academic body, the College de France as Professor of the History of Systems of Thought. His political involvement now increased, Defert having joined the ultra-Maoist Gauche Proletarienne GPwith whom Foucault became very loosely associated.
Foucault helped found the Prison Information Group in French: This fed into a marked politicization of Foucault's work, with a book, Discipline and Punishwhich "narrates" the micro-power structures that developed in Western societies since the eighteenth century, with a special focus on prisons and schools.Ludwig Wittgenstein (—) Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, and regarded by some as the most important since Immanuel ashio-midori.com early work was influenced by that of Arthur Schopenhauer and, especially, by his teacher Bertrand Russell and by Gottlob Frege, who became .
MICHEL FOUCAULT Foucault’s major work analyses the emergence of modern institutions (asylums, hospitals, prisons) and the forms of governance associated with them.
However, instead of stories of continuity, he focuses on discontinuities – for instance, the move from violent torture and execution to imprisonment as a form of punishment. The French philosopher, critic, and historian Michel Foucault () was an original and creative thinker who made contributions to historiography and to understanding the forces that make history.
Michel Foucault was born on October 15, , in Pottiers, France, the son of Paul (a doctor) and. Michel Foucault: Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian, one of the most influential and controversial scholars of the post-World War II period.
The son and grandson of a physician, Michel Foucault was born to a solidly bourgeois family. He resisted what . Michel Foucault is considered one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century. Born Paul-Michel Foucault in in Poitiers, France, he spent his teenage years under the Nazi occupation of France.
Foucault was a rebellious teenager, a self-described “delinquent” who did not begin to. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Foucault. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.