India being a developing nation is currently facing many challenges and the reservation system being one of them.
Historical Background[ edit ] Caste and community profile of people below the poverty line in India, as outlined in the Sachar Report The primary objective of the reservation system in India is to enhance the social and educational status of underprivileged communities and thus improve their lives.
Demands for various forms of positive discrimination had been made, for example, in and He provided free education to everyone and opened several hostels to make it easier for them to receive it.
He also tried to ensure that people thus educated were suitably employed, and he appealed both for a class-free India and the abolition of untouchability. His measures created 50 per cent reservation for backward communities. The depressed classes, roughly corresponding to the STs and SCs, were assigned a number of seats to be filled by election from constituencies in which only they could vote, although they could also vote in other seats.
The proposal was controversial: Mahatma Gandhi fasted in protest against it but many among the depressed classes, including their leader, B. Ambedkarfavoured it. After negotiations, Gandhi reached an agreement with Ambedkar to have a single Hindu electorate, with Dalits having seats reserved within it.
Electorates for other religions, such as Islam and Sikhism, remained separate. This became known as the Poona Pact. SCs were the primary targets of the practice, which was outlawed by the new Constitution of India. Init was specified that 15 per cent and 7. It called for a similar change to admissions to institutes of higher education, except where states already had more generous requirements.
It thus put a cap on reservations. For example, in the State of Tamil Nadu the caste-based reservation stands at 69 per cent and applies to about 87 per cent of the population.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message In parliament, caste and tribe based reservations are provided to make it more representative.
Allocation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the Lok Sabha are made on the basis of proportion of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in the State concerned to that of the total population.
A similar percentage of exclusive seats has been provided for members of designated castes and tribes in each state legislature. Local self-governments have caste, tribe and gender based reservation system in place. The Supreme Court ruling in the Indra Sawhney case said that reservations in job promotions are "unconstitutional" but allowed its continuation for five years.
Inthe Supreme Court upheld the amendments but stipulated that the concerned state will have to show, in each case, the existence of "compelling reasons" - which include "backwardness", "inadequacy of representation" and overall "administrative efficiency - before making provisions for reservation.
The court further held that these provisions are merely enabling provisions. However, citing the Supreme Court decision, the policy was ruled to be unconstitutional by the Allahabad High Court in The cells help universities implement the reservation policy in student admission and staff recruitment processes for teaching and non-teaching jobs.
Those not belonging to the designated communities can compete only for the remaining positions, while members of the designated communities can compete for either reserved or open position.
Seats are reserved for people under the following criteria: Caste[ edit ] According to the Dharma Shastras in Hinduism, the society can be divided into four categories based on the birth and occupation of the family, a person is born into.
This ratio is followed even in Parliament and all elections where a few constituencies are earmarked for those from certain communities which will next rotate in per the Delimitation Commission. The exact percentages vary from state to state: In West Bengal there is no reservation on religious basis but some economically and educationally backward Muslim castes basis surnames pertaining to different profession e.
But in higher educational institutes, till now there is no reservation for the OBC community but there is reservation in regard to admission in primary, secondary and higher secondary studies. As of Marchthe Lok Sabha has not voted on the bill.
Critics say gender cannot be held as a basis for reservation alone other factors should also be considered e. Some groups still demand that reservation for women should be at least 50 per cent as they comprise 50 per cent of the population.
The Tamil Nadu government has allotted 3.What are all the advantages a schedule caste has in India? Update st bc ppl get they can still get in through reservation this is one of the main reasons the general category hates the reservation system (not saying sc st bc always take advantage or they dont get ranks but some of them are purely there due to the system) Some of the.
Our recent study in Gujarat has shown that the SC, OBC and ST households at the bottom are still left out of the benefits of the rapid growth of the ashio-midori.comation is a hot topic today. From teachers to politicians, from students to employees, every profession is jolted by the reservation system.
In India, reservation is provided for historically backward and suppressed classes of Hindu society. These include the scheduled caste or SC, scheduled tribe or ST and other backward classes or OBC. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the reservation system in India? Update Cancel. What are the advantages and disadvantages of reservation for women in India?
Does India need caste based, gender based, and/or religious based reservations? The proportion of SC, ST, and OBC has increased in government institutes and hence. On November 1, national test agency (NTA) will release the NEET application form for the exam that will be held on May 5 Interestingly, the form will be released on the old NEET website i.e.
ashio-midori.com CBSE is no longer conducting the exam, it was assumed that the form would be released on ashio-midori.com, but that isn’t the case. There also is a growing demand for women reservation in pre-existing reservations like OBC, SC/ST, physically handicapped etc.
Some groups still demand that reservation for women should be at least 50 per cent as they comprise 50 per cent of the population.
People in the following categories are not entitled to take advantage of the.