They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India. One consequence of the Islamic prohibition on depicting the human form was the extensive use of complex geometric patterns to decorate their buildings, raising mathematics to the form of an art.
They hit the source ball of knowledge over the fence to Europe.
By the ninth century, Islamic medical practice had advanced from talisman and theology to hospitals with wards, doctors who had to pass tests, and the use of technical terminology. Muslim doctors used Seton and animal gut for sutures in surgery and used alcohol as an antiseptic. Al-Zahrawi, the most eminent surgeon among Muslim physicians in his book Al-Tas'rif, described and illustrated about surgical instruments many of which Zahrawi himself devised.
Importance of the study of Anatomy as a fundamental prerequisite to surgery was stressed. Al-Zahrawi's description of varicose vein stripping, even after ten centuries is almost like modern surgery.
His techniques in orthopedic surgery have been reintroduced in the 20 the century. Surgeons all over the world practice today unknowingly several procedures that Muslim surgeons introduced 1, years ago.
The Most Influential Persons in History", was able to unite the Arab tribes who had been torn by revenge, rivalry, and internal fights, and produced a strong nation that conquered, simultaneously, the known super powers empires at that time.
Only 80 years after the death of their prophet, the Muslim crossed to Europe to rule Spain for more than years. The Muslims preserved the cultures of the conquered lands.
However when the Islamic Empire became weak, most of the Islamic contributions in art and science were destroyed. The Islamic Empire for more than 1, years remained the most advanced and civilized nation in the world.
This is because Islam stressed the importance and respect of learning, forbade destruction, developed in Muslims the respect for authority and discipline, and tolerance for other religions. The Muslims recognized excellence and, hungering intellectually, were avid for the wisdom of the world of Galen, Hippocrates, and Rufus of Ephesus, Oribasius, Dioscorides and Paul of Aegina.
By the tenth century their zeal and enthusiasm for learning resulted in all essential Greek medical writings being translated into Arabic in Damascus, Cairo, and Baghdad. Arabic became the international language of learning and diplomacy.
The center of scientific knowledge and activity shifted eastward, and Baghdad emerged as the capital of the scientific world.
The Muslims became scientific innovators with originality and productivity. Islamic medicine is one of the most famous and best known facets of Islamic civilization, and in which the Muslims most excelled 2.
The Muslims were the great torchbearers of international scientific research 3.
In the words of Campbell 4 "The European medical system is Arabian not only in origin but also in its structure. The Arabs are the intellectual forebears of the Europeans. He was the first to use silk sutures and alcohol for hemostasis 7. He was the first to use alcohol as an antiseptic 2.
Ibn Sina originated the idea of the use of oral anesthetics 8.
The Arabs invented the soporific sponge, which was the precursor of modern anesthesia. It was a sponge soaked with aromatics and narcotics and held to the patient's nostrils 8.
The use of anesthesia was one of the reasons for the rise of surgery in the Islamic world to the level of an honorable specialty, while in Europe, surgery was belittled and practiced by barbers and quacks.
The Council of Tours in CE declared "Surgery is to be abandoned by the schools of medicine and by all decent physicians. Burton 10 stated that "anesthetics have been used in surgery throughout the East for centuries before ether and chloroform became the fashion in civilized west.
In his book Al-Tasrif, he described hemophilia for the first time in medical history. The book contains the description and illustration of about surgical instruments, many of which devised by Zahrawi himself In it Zahrawi stresses the importance of the study of Anatomy as a fundamental prerequisite to surgery 9.
He advocated the reimplantation of a fallen tooth and the use of dental prosthesis carved from cow's bone, and improvement over the wooden dentures worn by the first President of America, George Washington, seven centuries later Zahrawi appears to be the first surgeon in history to sue cotton Arabic word in surgical dressings in the control of hemorrhage, as padding in the splinting of fractures, as a vaginal padding in fractures of the pubic, and in dentistry.
He introduced the method for the removal of kidney stones by cutting into the urinary bladder. He was the first to teach the lithotomy position for vaginal operations He described tracheotomy, distinguished between goiter and cancer of the thyroid, and the invention of a cauterizing iron, which he also used to control bleeding.
His description of varicose veins stripping, even after ten centuries, is almost like modern surgery In orthopedic surgery he introduced what is called today Kocher's method of reduction of shoulder dislocation and patelectomy The Islamic Empire established across Persia, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, Iberia and parts of India from the 8th Century onwards made significant contributions towards mathematics.
They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India. A great informative and educational site about Islam, Allah, Muhammad,Quran and Muslim,an Islamic perspective of Scientific issues and information about Muslim Scholarships, and many other Islam and Science related resources.
The Early Islamic World was a period of rapid expansion for both the Islamic Empire and the religion of Islam.
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While Europe was languishing in the dark ages, the Middle East was experiencing a time of economic prosperity and scientific advancement.
Jan 06, · During the wars with the Ottoman Empire, which in some cases represent significant improvements to previous technologies rather than the invention of those technologies outright.
A previous. An analysis of the scientific improvements of the great arabic empire Đánh giá: Excommunicating and exultant, Northrup An analysis of medicaid decreed his whispers or bruises traditionally.
The first great Muslim mathematician, Al-Khawarizmi, invented the subject of algebra (al-Jabr), which was further developed by others, most notably Umar Khayyam. Al-Khawarizmi's work, in Latin translation, brought the Arabic numerals along with the mathematics to Europe, through Spain.