The word "heresy" is usually used within a Christian, Jewish, or Islamic context, and implies slightly different meanings in each.
Intolerance and cruelty Connotation and definition The term heresy connotes, etymologically, both a choice and A discussion on heresy thing chosen, the meaning being, however, narrowed to the selection of religious or political doctrinesadhesion to parties in Church or State.
Josephus applies the name airesis to the three religious sects prevalent in Judea since the Machabean period: Paul is described to the Roman governor Felix as the leader of the heresy aireseos of the Nazarenes Acts Justin Dialogue with Trypho 18 uses airesis in the same sense. Peter II, ii, 1 applies the term to Christian sects: There are, therefore, two ways of deviating from Christianity: The subject-matter of both faith and heresy is, therefore, the deposit of the faith, that is, the sum total of truths revealed in Scripture and Tradition as proposed to our belief by the Church.
The believer accepts the whole deposit as proposed by the Church ; the heretic accepts only such parts of it as commend themselves to his own approval. The heretical tenets may be ignorance of the true creed, erroneous judgment, imperfect apprehension and comprehension of dogmas: On the other hand the will may freely incline the intellect to adhere to tenets declared false by the Divine teaching authority of the Church.
The impelling motives are many: Heresy thus willed is imputable to the subject and carries with it a varying degree of guilt; it is called formal, because to the material error it adds the informative element of "freely willed".
Pertinacity, that is, obstinate adhesion to a particular tenet is required to make heresy formal. Such firm convictions result either from circumstances over which the heretic has no control or from intellectual delinquencies in themselves more or less voluntary and imputable.
A man born and nurtured in heretical surroundings may live and die without ever having a doubt as to the truth of his creed. On the other hand a born Catholic may allow himself to drift into whirls of anti-Catholic thought from which no doctrinal authority can rescue him, and where his mind becomes incrusted with convictions, or considerations sufficiently powerful to overlay his Catholic conscience.
It is not for man, but for Him who searcheth the mind and heart, to sit in judgment on the guilt which attaches to an heretical conscience. Distinctions Heresy differs from apostasy.
The apostate a fide abandons wholly the faith of Christ either by embracing JudaismIslamismPaganismor simply by falling into naturalism and complete neglect of religion; the heretic always retains faith in Christ. Heresy also differs from schism.
Thomasin the strict sense, are they who of their own will and intention separate themselves from the unity of the Church. The unity of the Church consists in the connection of its members with each other and of all the members with the head.
Now this head is Christ whose representative in the Church is the supreme pontiff. And therefore the name of schismatics is given to those who will not submit to the supreme pontiff nor communicate with the members of the Church subject to him. Since the definition of Papal Infallibilityschism usually implies the heresy of denying this dogma.
Heresy is opposed to faith; schism to charity; so that, although all heretics are schismatics because loss of faith involves separation from the Churchnot all schismatics are necessarily heretics, since a man may, from angerprideambitionor the like, sever himself from the communion of the Church and yet believe all the Church proposes for our belief II-II, Q.
Such a one, however, would be more properly called rebellious than heretical. Degrees of heresy Both matter and form of heresy admit of degrees which find expression in the following technical formula of theology and canon law.
Pertinacious adhesion to a doctrine contradictory to a point of faith clearly defined by the Church is heresy pure and simple, heresy in the first degree. But if the doctrine in question has not been expressly "defined" or is not clearly proposed as an article of faith in the ordinary, authorized teaching of the Churchan opinion opposed to it is styled sententia haeresi proxima, that is, an opinion approaching heresy.
Next, a doctrinal proposition, without directly contradicting a received dogmamay yet involve logical consequences at variance with revealed truth. Such a proposition is not heretical, it is a propositio theologice erronea, that is, erroneous in theology.
Further, the opposition to an article of faith may not be strictly demonstrable, but only reach a certain degree of probability. Gravity of the sin of heresy Heresy is a sin because of its nature it is destructive of the virtue of Christian faith.Apr 04, · Discussion HERESY!!!
Discussion in 'Novel Discussion' started by Wise old fisher, Apr 4, Nov 05, · The Horus Heresy is a series of novels, anthologies and audiobooks based on the historic events known as the Great Crusade and the Horus Heresy, about 10, standard years before the present 41st ashio-midori.com novels are written by different authors, but follow the same storyline - the fall of Warmaster Horus and his campaign of treachery to usurp the Emperor as ruler of the Imperium.
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