The hope is that we can learn from his mistakes and not repeat them ourselves. During the s, men began to feel pressured to not just provide for their family but to also give them the luxuries that society was coming to believe every household was entitled to.
Legend attributes the invention of the dithyrambthe lyrical ancestor of tragedyto the poet Arion of Lesbos in the 7th or 6th century bce, but it was not until the creation of the Great Dionysia in Athens in that tragic drama established itself.
The Dionysiac festivals were held in honour of Dionysusa god concerned with fertilitywineand prophecy.
Dionysiac celebrations, held in the spring, were traditionally occasions for frenzy, sexual license, and ecstatic behaviour welcoming the return of fertility to the land after the winter reflected dramatically in the Bacchants by Euripides.
The Great Dionysia was a more formal affair, with its competition in tragedy, but its religious purpose is often cited as a pointer to the origin of drama itself. In the theories that see drama as a development from primitive religious ritesthe dramatist is often described as a descendant of the priest.
Theatrical representation could have arisen first from the substitution of an animal for a human sacrificesay, a goat for a virgin or a young warrior.
In time, the formula of the sacrifice might have been enacted ritualistically without the actual sacrifice of the animal. Oedipus RexOedipus, demonstrating an excess of presumption or hubris in his confidence that he has escaped the prophecy of Apollo's oracle, sees that he has been mistaken and that—just as foretold—he has married his mother and killed his father.
He therefore blinds himself. However, other explanations for the origin of drama have been offered. Mimesisthe artistic representation or imitation of an event, has been discerned in such rituals as war danceswhich are intended to frighten the enemy and instill courage into the hearts of the participants.
These dances may imitate the action of battle itself, or at least the way in which the participants hope to see the battle develop. The origins of drama have also been attributed to simple storytelling, as when the storyteller adopts a false voice or adds characterization through movement and costume.
In such terms, the art of theatre could be described at its most fundamental as the presence of an actor before an audience. Whatever the primary motivation, the first systematic elaboration of theatre can be seen through the work of the Greek playwrights of 5th-century-bce Athens.
Aeschylus apparently inherited a form that consisted of a single actor responding to or leading a chorus. His innovation is generally considered to have been the use of a second actor, and it was either Aeschylus or Sophocles who added a third actor as they competed each year for prizes in the Great Dionysia.
Once a third actor appeared, the chorus gradually declined, and it was the multiplying individual characters who assumed importance. In this way, ancient Greece left to posterity a measure of specialization among theatrical performers.
Beyond these formal elements, however, Classical drama offers a pattern of development that has been reenacted continually in other cultures throughout history. The rapid rise and decline of drama in ancient Athens paralleled the rise and decline of Athenian civilization itself.
Great periods of achievement in theatre have tended to coincide with periods of national expansion and achievement, as in Elizabethan England.
Conversely, periods of excessive materialism, such as those during which ancient Greece or ancient Rome declined, tend to produce theatre in which ostentation, spectacle, and vulgarity predominate.Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays.
We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions. Linda, Willy Loman's wife in ''Death of a Salesman'' by Arthur Miller, might look like a typical housewife on the surface. However, she is the only person in the Loman family who is grounded in.
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Willy Loman Despite his desperate searching through his past, Willy does not achieve the self-realization or self-knowledge typical of the tragic hero. The quasi-resolution that his suicide offers him represents only a partial discovery of the truth.
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