A biography of john george kemeny

In his father left for the United States alone. Inhe took the whole Kemeny family to the United States [1] when the adoption of the second anti-Jewish law in Hungary became imminent. He graduated with the best results in his class three years later. His boss there was Richard Feynman.

A biography of john george kemeny

John Kemeny came to the US in and was naturalized in After several years as a faculty member at Princeton and Dartmouth College, he was elected president of Dartmouth College, serving 11 years.

The language has continued to develop and is perhaps the most widely used language, at least among younger and nonprofessional users; for many it is the first programming language learned.

His citation for the first AMPS Education Award recognized Kemeny for "his visionary efforts at making computing universal for students of all disciplines. Also reprinted with permission from The Amateur ComputeristVol.

Kemeny entered high school knowing virtually no English. He graduated three years later, first in his class, and was accepted at Princeton University to study mathematics.

By the time Kemeny turned 18, he had finished his first year at Princeton. He was immediately drafted and sent to Los Alamos to be a "computer," one of 20 operators who used 17 IBM bookkeeping calculators to get numerical solutions to differential equations connected with the design of the atom bomb.

It took two or three weeks, working three 8-hour shifts, six days per week, to get one result. The calculators were fed punched cards, which were moved manually from machine to machine.

Between calculations, the plug boards had to be rewired by hand. At the end of a cycle, the calculation was summarized on a printout which had to be checked by eye for "catastrophes.

Years later, Kemeny was to note that one undergraduate working one afternoon, using a timesharing computer, could solve as many differential equations as the whole Los Alamos team did in a whole year.

And there could be other users on the computer at the same time. While at Los Alamos, Kemeny heard a lecture by fellow Hungarian born John von Neumannwho was a consultant to the "computer operation. To Kemeny and the other "computers," von Neumann's machine sounded like a dream. Kemeny wondered if he would live long enough to ever use one.

Kemeny biography

After the war, Kemeny returned to Princeton. Inwhile finishing his dissertation, Kemeny served as Albert Einstein's research assistant at the Institute for Advanced Study. Von Neumann was at the institute also, working on the machine he had described in his lecture two years earlier.

Einstein and Kemeny crossed paths with von Neumann occasionally and had some long conversations concerning symbol-handling as opposed to number-handling computers. Kemeny finished his PhD and stayed at Princeton, teaching mathematics and philosophy until During his time at Princeton, his contact with von Neumann and his computer had a deep effect on Kemeny.

Here was the brilliant mathematician playing around with the nuts and bolts of a computing machine and raising profound philosophical questions about the relation between humans and machines.

Kemeny framed the question of these lectures, "What could a machine do as well as or better than a man?

Next, based on the work of the English logician Alan Turing, Kemeny argued that a universal machine can be designed. That universal machine would need a simple code designed for it that would describe any simple machine humans could devise. Then the universal machine could do anything every simple machine could do by converting the descriptions of the simple machines into programs for its own operation.

It occurred to Kemeny that "a normal human being is like the universal machine. Given enough time he can learn to do anything.

He had great fun, he wrote, "learning to program a computer, even though the language used at that time was designed for machines and not for human beings" Kemenyp.

Kemeny joined the faculty of Dartmouth College in to teach mathematics and philosophy.

John George Kemeny In his father left for the United States alone.

For six years after he got there, Dartmouth had no computer. He did and therefore witnessed the coming, inof the Fortran programming language.

John George Kemeny - Biography - IMDb

Kemeny welcomed the language because it made much more sense to him to teach a machine a language than to force every human to learn the machine's own language. Kemeny facilitated the use of the LGP by undergraduate students.John George Kemeny.

Jewish-Hungarian American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator. biography/John-George-Kemeny. 0 references. SNAC Ark ID. w 0 references. Academic Tree ID. 0 references. plwiki John Kemeny; ptwiki John George Kemeny;. John Kemeny's mother was Lucy Fried and his father was Tibor Kemeny who worked as an import-export ashio-midori.com attended primary school in Budapest.

He came from a Jewish family and, in , his father had the good sense to . According to our current on-line database, John Kemeny has 4 students and 67 descendants.

A biography of john george kemeny

We welcome any additional information. If you have additional information or corrections regarding this mathematician, please use the update ashio-midori.com submit students of this mathematician, please use the new data form, noting this .

According to our current on-line database, John Kemeny has 4 students and 67 descendants. We welcome any additional information. If you have additional information or corrections regarding this mathematician, please use the update ashio-midori.com submit students of this mathematician, please use the new data form, noting this mathematician's MGP ID of for the advisor ID.

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